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The Circle

WWF’s quarterly Arctic journal. Find all issues here.

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The dirtiest fuel

What’s thick, sticky, and could have devastating local effects if spilled in the Arctic? The answer is heavy fuel oil (HFO) a shipping fuel used extensively in the Arctic.

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Options for Arctic marine cooperation: the WWF vision

This article originally appeared in The Circle 02.16. The rapidly changing Arctic faces new challenges. Therefore, new approaches to marine governance are needed to ensure the sustainability of the entire region and a healthy Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Council (AC) is evolving from a science dialogue forum to policy shaping regional instrument. Improving the implementation […]

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The evolution of the Arctic Council and the Arctic Council System

International interest in the Arctic increased spectacularly between 2004-2008. This was due to a number of events including the 2004 Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, the dramatic Arctic sea-ice loss in 2007 and Russia planting its flag on the geographical North Pole’s deep sea-bed that same year. As Erik Molenaar writes, the flag planting triggered a […]

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